Table 2

Qualitative Data: Definitions of Clinical Neurology Research, Student Barriers to Finding Clinical Neurology Research Opportunities, and Advice for Undergraduate Neuroscience Students

Major themesSubthemes
How do you define clinical neurology research?
 Research of healthy and clinical populations (121)Research of abnormal brain functioning (64)
Study of human subjects (50)
Brain-behavior (7)
 Research on the nervous system (NS) (24)NS pathology (16)
NS function (8)
 Collection of data for diagnostic and treatment application (84)Treatment/medical treatment (40)
Diagnostic criteria/cause (17)
Research (16)
Mechanisms (11)
 Research on diverse subfields of neuroscience (19)Applied clinical neuroscience (5)
Translational/translational neurobiology (4)
Basic science (3)
Basic neuroscience (2)
Radiology (1)
Epidemiology (1)
Health neuroscience (1)
Functional neuroscience (1)
Clinical science (1)
 Other (9)Don't know (5)
Imaging (3)
Animal (1)
What have you noticed as the main barriers for your students towards finding clinical neurology research opportunities?
 Lack of exposure (52)Lack of opportunities (32)
Lack of knowledge (20)
 Inadequate resources (53)Need connections (22)
Need money (13)
Other college limitations (18)
 Regional limitations (25)Geographical limitations (16)
Clinical setting limitations (9)
 Student interest, experience, and discomfort (28)Lack of interest (13)
Lack of experience (6)
Discomfort (9)
 Other (15)Logistical issues (10)
No barriers (5)
If you could give a neuroscience major undergraduate student a word of advice, what would it be?
 Mindset (55)Be creative and flexible (18)
Work ethic (37)
 Find as much experience as you can, through mentors, faculty, research, and internships (31)Gain experience (22)
Build connections
 Take your time to find what you love and enjoy doing (45)
 Long term thinking (23)Plan ahead (11)
Things to know about the field (12)
 Other (9)Coursework suggestions (5)
Career concentration suggestions (4)